Senate Resolution 1228, which became Public Law 105-124, created the 50 State Commemorative Quarters program. It was signed into law on Dec. 1, 1997. For more information about the passage of this law, click here.
One Hundred Fifth Congress
United States of America
AT THE FIRST SESSION
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
the seventh day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-seven
To provide for a 10-year circulating commemorative coin program to
commemorate each of the 50 States, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the `50 States Commemorative Coin Program
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
The Congress finds that--
(1) it is appropriate and timely--
(A) to honor the unique Federal republic of 50 States that comprise
the United States; and
(B) to promote the diffusion of knowledge among the youth of the
United States about the individual States, their history and geography,
and the rich diversity of the national heritage;
(2) the circulating coinage of the United States has not been modernized
during the 25-year period preceding the date of enactment of this Act;
(3) a circulating commemorative 25-cent coin program could produce
earnings of $110,000,000 from the sale of silver proof coins and sets over
the 10-year period of issuance, and would produce indirect earnings of an
estimated $2,600,000,000 to $5,100,000,000 to the United States Treasury,
money that will replace borrowing to fund the national debt to at least that
(4) it is appropriate to launch a commemorative circulating coin program
that encourages young people and their families to collect memorable tokens
of all of the States for the face value of the coins.
SEC. 3. ISSUANCE OF REDESIGNED QUARTER DOLLARS OVER 10-YEAR PERIOD
COMMEMORATING EACH OF THE 50 STATES.
Section 5112 of title 31, United States Code, is amended by inserting
after subsection (k) the following new subsection:
`(l) REDESIGN AND ISSUANCE OF QUARTER DOLLAR IN COMMEMORATION OF EACH OF
THE 50 STATES-
`(1) REDESIGN BEGINNING IN 1999-
`(A) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding the fourth sentence of subsection
(d)(1) and subsection (d)(2), quarter dollar coins issued during the
10-year period beginning in 1999, shall have designs on the reverse side
selected in accordance with this subsection which are emblematic of the 50
`(B) TRANSITION PROVISION- Notwithstanding subpar- agraph (A), the
Secretary may continue to mint and issue quarter dollars in 1999 which
bear the design in effect before the redesign required under this
subsection and an inscription of the year `1998' as required to ensure a
smooth transition into the 10-year program under this subsection.
`(2) SINGLE STATE DESIGNS- The design on the reverse side of each
quarter dollar issued during the 10-year period referred to in paragraph (1)
shall be emblematic of 1 of the 50 States.
`(3) ISSUANCE OF COINS COMMEMORATING 5 STATES DURING EACH OF THE 10
`(A) IN GENERAL- The designs for the quarter dollar coins issued
during each year of the 10-year period referred to in paragraph (1) shall
be emblematic of 5 States selected in the order in which such States
ratified the Constitution of the United States or were admitted into the
Union, as the case may be.
`(B) NUMBER OF EACH OF 5 COIN DESIGNS IN EACH YEAR- Of the quarter
dollar coins issued during each year of the 10-year period referred to in
paragraph (1), the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe, on the basis
of such factors as the Secretary determines to be appropriate, the number
of quarter dollars which shall be issued with each of the 5 designs
selected for such year.
`(4) SELECTION OF DESIGN-
`(A) IN GENERAL- Each of the 50 designs required under this subsection
for quarter dollars shall be--
`(i) selected by the Secretary after consultation with--
`(I) the Governor of the State being commemorated, or such other
State officials or group as the State may designate for such purpose;
`(II) the Commission of Fine Arts; and
`(ii) reviewed by the Citizens Commemorative Coin Advisory
`(B) SELECTION AND APPROVAL PROCESS- Designs for quarter dollars may
be submitted in accordance with the design selection and approval process
developed by the Secretary in the sole discretion of the
`(C) PARTICIPATION- The Secretary may include participation by State
officials, artists from the States, engravers of the United States Mint,
and members of the general public.
`(D) STANDARDS- Because it is important that the Nation's coinage and
currency bear dignified designs of which the citizens of the United States
can be proud, the Secretary shall not select any frivolous or
inappropriate design for any quarter dollar minted under this
`(E) PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN REPRESENTATIONS- No head and shoulders
portrait or bust of any person, living or dead, and no portrait of a
living person may be included in the design of any quarter dollar under
`(5) TREATMENT AS NUMISMATIC ITEMS- For purposes of sections 5134 and
5136, all coins minted under this subsection shall be considered to be
`(A) QUALITY OF COINS- The Secretary may mint and issue such number of
quarter dollars of each design selected under paragraph (4) in
uncirculated and proof qualities as the Secretary determines to be
`(B) SILVER COINS- Notwithstanding subsection (b), the Secretary may
mint and issue such number of quarter dollars of each design selected
under paragraph (4) as the Secretary determines to be appropriate, with a
content of 90 percent silver and 10 percent copper.
`(C) SOURCES OF BULLION- The Secretary shall obtain silver for minting
coins under subparagraph (B) from available resources, including
stockpiles established under the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock
`(7) APPLICATION IN EVENT OF THE ADMISSION OF ADDITIONAL STATES- If any
additional State is admitted into the Union before the end of the 10-year
period referred to in paragraph (1), the Secretary of the Treasury may issue
quarter dollar coins, in accordance with this subsection, with a design
which is emblematic of such State during any 1 year of such 10-year period,
in addition to the quarter dollar coins issued during such year in
accordance with paragraph (3)(A).'.
SEC. 4. UNITED STATES DOLLAR COINS.
(a) SHORT TITLE- This section may be cited as the `United States $1 Coin
Act of 1997'.
(b) WEIGHT- Section 5112(a)(1) of title 31, United States Code, is amended
by striking `and weighs 8.1 grams'.
(c) COLOR AND CONTENT- Section 5112(b) of title 31, United States Code, is
(1) in the first sentence, by striking `dollar,'; and
(2) by inserting after the fourth sentence the following: `The dollar
coin shall be golden in color, have a distinctive edge, have tactile and
visual features that make the denomination of the coin readily discernible,
be minted and fabricated in the United States, and have similar metallic,
anti-counterfeiting properties as United States coinage in circulation on
the date of enactment of the United States $1 Coin Act of 1997.'.
(d) DESIGN- Section 5112(d)(1) of title 31, United States Code, is amended
by striking the fifth and sixth sentences and inserting the following: `The
Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Congress, shall select
appropriate designs for the obverse and reverse sides of the dollar coin.'.
(e) PRODUCTION OF NEW DOLLAR COINS-
(1) IN GENERAL- Upon the depletion of the Government's supply (as of the
date of enactment of this Act) of $1 coins bearing the likeness of Susan B.
Anthony, the Secretary of the Treasury shall place into circulation $1 coins
that comply with the requirements of subsections (b) and (d)(1) of section
5112 of title 31, United States Code, as amended by this section.
(2) AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY TO CONTINUE PRODUCTION- If the supply of $1
coins bearing the likeness of Susan B. Anthony is depleted before production
has begun of $1 coins which bear a design which complies with the
requirements of subsections (b) and (d)(1) of section 5112 of title 31,
United States Code, as amended by this section, the Secretary of the
Treasury may continue to mint and issue $1 coins bearing the likeness of
Susan B. Anthony in accordance with that section 5112 (as in effect on the
day before the date of enactment of this Act) until such time as production
(3) NUMISMATIC SETS- The Secretary may include such $1 coins in any
numismatic set produced by the United States Mint before the date on which
the $1 coins authorized by this section are placed in circulation.
(1) IN GENERAL- Before placing into circulation $1 coins authorized
under this section, the Secretary of the Treasury shall adopt a program to
promote the use of such coins by commercial enterprises, mass transit
authorities, and Federal, State, and local government agencies.
(2) STUDY REQUIRED- The Secretary of the Treasury shall conduct a study
on the progress of the marketing program adopted in accordance with
(3) REPORT- Not later than March 31, 2001, the Secretary of the Treasury
shall submit a report to the Congress on the results of the study conducted
pursuant to paragraph (2).
SEC. 5. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.
Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act shall be construed
to evidence any intention to eliminate or to limit the printing or circulation
of United States currency in the $1 denomination.
SEC. 6. FIRST FLIGHT COMMEMORATIVE COINS.
(1) DENOMINATIONS- The Secretary of the Treasury (hereafter in this
section referred to as the `Secretary') shall mint and issue the following
(A) $10 GOLD COINS- Not more than 100,000 $10 coins, each of which
(ii) have a diameter of 1.06 inches; and
(iii) contain 90 percent gold and 10 percent alloy.
(B) $1 SILVER COINS- Not more than 500,000 $1 coins, each of which
(ii) have a diameter of 1.500 inches; and
(iii) contain 90 percent silver and 10 percent copper.
(C) HALF DOLLAR CLAD COINS- Not more than 750,000 half dollar coins
each of which shall--
(ii) have a diameter of 1.205 inches; and
(iii) be minted to the specifications for half dollar coins
contained in section 5112(b) of title 31, United States
(b) LEGAL TENDER- The coins minted under this section shall be legal
tender, as provided in section 5103 of title 31, United States Code.
(c) SOURCES OF BULLION- The Secretary shall obtain gold and silver for
minting coins under this section pursuant to the authority of the Secretary
under other provisions of law, including authority relating to the use of
silver stockpiles established under the Strategic and Critical Materials
Stockpiling Act, as applicable.
(A) IN GENERAL- The design of the coins minted under this section
shall be emblematic of the first flight of Orville and Wilbur Wright in
Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, on December 17, 1903.
(B) DESIGNATION AND INSCRIPTIONS- On each coin minted under this
section there shall be--
(i) a designation of the value of the coin;
(ii) an inscription of the year `2003'; and
(iii) inscriptions of the words `Liberty', `In God We Trust',
`United States of America', and `E Pluribus Unum'.
(2) SELECTION- The design for the coins minted under this section shall
(A) selected by the Secretary after consultation with the Board of
Directors of the First Flight Foundation and the Commission of Fine Arts;
(B) reviewed by the Citizens Commemorative Coin Advisory
(e) PERIOD FOR ISSUANCE OF COINS- The Secretary may issue coins minted
under this section only during the period beginning on August 1, 2003, and
ending on July 31, 2004.
(1) SALE PRICE- The coins issued under this section shall be sold by the
Secretary at a price equal to the sum of--
(A) the face value of the coins;
(B) the surcharge provided in paragraph (4) with respect to such
(C) the cost of designing and issuing the coins (including labor,
materials, dies, use of machinery, overhead expenses, marketing, and
(2) BULK SALES- The Secretary shall make bulk sales of the coins issued
under this section at a reasonable discount.
(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall accept prepaid orders for the
coins minted under this section before the issuance of such
(B) DISCOUNT- Sale prices with respect to prepaid orders under
subparagraph (A) shall be at a reasonable discount.
(4) SURCHARGES- All sales shall include a surcharge of--
(A) $35 per coin for the $10 coin;
(B) $10 per coin for the $1 coin; and
(C) $1 per coin for the half dollar coin.
(g) GENERAL WAIVER OF PROCUREMENT REGULATIONS-
(1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph (2), no provision of law
governing procurement or public contracts shall be applicable to the
procurement of goods and services necessary for carrying out the provisions
of this Act.
(2) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY- Paragraph (1) does not relieve any
person entering into a contract under the
authority of this section from complying with any law relating to equal
(h) TREATMENT AS NUMISMATIC ITEMS- For purposes of sections 5134 and 5136
of title 31, United States Code, all coins minted under this subsection shall
be considered to be numismatic items.
(i) DISTRIBUTION OF SURCHARGES-
(1) IN GENERAL- Subject to section 5134 of title 31, United States Code,
all surcharges received by the Secretary from the sale of coins issued under
this section shall be promptly paid by the Secretary to the First Flight
Foundation for the purposes of--
(A) repairing, refurbishing, and maintaining the Wright Brothers
Monument on the Outer Banks of North Carolina; and
(B) expanding (or, if necessary, replacing) and maintaining the
visitor center and other facilities at the Wright Brothers National
Memorial Park on the Outer Banks of North Carolina, including providing
educational programs and exhibits for visitors.
(2) AUDITS- The Comptroller General of the United States shall have the
right to examine such books, records, documents, and other data of the First
Flight Foundation as may be related to the expenditures of amounts paid
under paragraph (1).
(j) FINANCIAL ASSURANCES- The Secretary shall take such actions as may be
necessary to ensure that minting and issuing coins under this section will not
result in any net cost to the United States Government.
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Vice President of the United States and
President of the Senate.